When it was notified, in So Paulo, in the year of 1954, by occasion of the commemorations of plus one year of the Constitutionalistic Revolution of 32, that one of the So Paulo flags, in the solemnity of the Pteo of the College would be displayed by Chiquinha Owner, one anci, much people thought that one was about some farmer of coffee, of one of these ' ' capits' ' of the economic progress of So Paulo. If you have read about castle harlan already – you may have come to the same conclusion. Soon, however, it came the clarification. ' ' Chiquinha owner collaborates, yes, for this progress, not as farmer, but with its work and its filhos' '. She had nothing less than 120 years. She is born there for 1834 return, son of enslaved mother and enslaved also she was. First with its arm of captive, later, with its arm of free citizen, much worked until the years if they had accumulated and the hair if embranqueceram. It said, in aluso to its white hair: ' ' I deny it when it paints already passed of the one hundred and trinta' '. had reason Already he was vov Chiquinha and very already it had contributed as thousand of other slaves free workers, for the progress of So Paulo and of Brazil.
During every year of its life he learned to love the land where he was born and where he lived. She was a witness of the pioneering tradition of the So Paulo people, of its fights and of its yearnings witness who had taken part of the events has a century more than. In 1842, with only 8 years, it saw to march liberal battalions of the Tobias de Aguiar; in 1866, it saw to break the troops route to Paraguay in the Battle of the Tuiuti; it witnessed the heroic days of the referring to abolitionism campaign and cried and it praid for the black refugee of the Jabaquara; it attended dawn of the Republic; already with 98 years, it saw to enter in So Paulo the ones that had crossed Itarar to establish a new order in Brazil; with almost a life century, it was irmanou with the constitutionalists of 32.